Nepal, often regarded as the land of tranquility, is an expanse of 147,181 square kilometers of land ranging from flat plains in the south to high, snow-capped mountains. Nepal is crested in the lap of the Himalayas; major part of the Himalayan range is situated in Nepal. Top 8 highest peaks of the world out of top 10 are possessed by the portion of the Himalayan range in Nepal. The high mountainous region is known to be constituted of innumerable valleys, basins, tars and high-altitude deserts. All these attributes contribute to the composition of fascinating and rejuvenating natural scenarios and ultimately contributes to the ever-increasing attraction it provides to tourists. Enough said of the high lands. Nepal is also constituted of some really fascinating and diverse plains and hills; fascinating owing to the fact that there is availability of a wide variety of flora and fauna. The middle-hills contain precious and rare medicinal herbs and fungi that are alien to anywhere but here. Wildlife, here, can be experienced and visualized at their wildest by locals and travelers alike. In an attempt to preserve such ecstatic natural composition, the government of the Democratic Republic of Nepal has set up various national parks and preservation areas throughout the country. Mountains, hills and flat plains are not discriminated in this aspect. All these physical attributes provides Nepal an aura of awesomeness that cannot be resisted by tourists.



         Now let’s move on to the cultural aspect. Nepal is a clay pot made from several types of clay in such a way that it is firm and strong and can withstand tremors and external disturbance, meaning that there is intensive ‘unity in diversity’ amongst the Nepalese people. In Nepal, these are 4 major divisions and more than 36 different castes.  All castes have their own traditions, culture, language, attire etc. There are about 103 ethnic groups in Nepal and 93 dialects of speech are used. Nepal is perhaps the only country in the world to host such variation of castes and community in an area less than 150,000 square kilometers of land. People living in the terai region have completely different lifestyle than that of those living in the Himalayas and vice versa. This difference is the result of huge geographical variation found in Nepal.



If all these things are taken into consideration, you will want to call Nepal something more than a ‘beautiful country’ or ‘earthly heaven’. Such considerations have given Nepal a title ‘The Jewel of The Himalaya’, which is not only appropriate but also applauded by the world at large.



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